Are you a passionate home brewer or do you have any questions you need answering on your way to becoming an expert brewer? The most important answers concerning beer production can be found in our FAQs.
Hello Home Brewer!
Welcome to Beer World by Klarstein!
The art of brewing - perfected - right at home
Amazing things are brewing here: With a little curiosity, great tips and Klarstein's array of quality products you will be transformed to an amateur home brewer to an expert in all things beer. Why stick to commercially available beers? Klarstein's Beer World gives you the tools you need to open your own brewery and brew your own brand! Discover the age old art of brewing, following traditional methods to create your masterpiece - or go off the beaten track and discover new creations.
Our Beer World is just as diverse as the array of beers you can create. Home Brewers will find all the information they need surrounding brewing, ingredients and more. From a well deserved beer after work right up to the classic Oktoberfest brands: Be inspired by beer's many delightful facets. So drink up!.
Craft beer: Modern brewing
For passionate home brewers: Create your beers with ease
Beer lovers worship this magnificent drink thanks to its freshness, originality and diversity. Great for home brewers: The right brewing kit or a high-quality mash tub will enable anyone to brew their own beer. But how do you start and what do you even need if you want to make your own beer? Our handbook will give you the answers to all these questions.
Craft beer: Modern brewing
Brewing with Klarstein
The thrill of summer nights in the park, barbecuing with good friends or enjoying a festival is growing as temperatures begin to rise. What a blessing it is to have those around you who have prepared for the open air season with Klarstein's home brewery kit - giving them the chance to fulfil their dream of creating home-made beer. Ready, set, cheers!
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Beer brewing: There is hop(s)e yet!
A handy guide to brewing
We will always be there to help. Visit our Beer World and be inspired by golden, amber-coloured and mystical dark beers as well as the perfect foam head for your creations. Don't be too inspired though - remember beer is to be enjoyed in moderation!
Brewing is so much more than just a means to an end. That is why you need to consider quite a few things from start to finish - for example: which ingredients do you need to brew beer and when and where are these relevant when it comes to creating your beer? All this effort does pay off though - just wait until you have the chance to proudly present your very own beer creation to your friends.
Brewing beer: This is how it works
Do you want your beer to taste a little sweeter with a lot of malt? Or would you rather it be a more bitter or darker in colour? Those seeking to brew their own beer don't need to only consider the ingredients - the type of beer, the amount you want to produce as well as the temperatures necessary to do so are equally important!
Which ingredients are needed to make beer?
Brewing isn't rocket science, however, with the right amount of planning you will discover a whole new dimension of delicious beer. Many different decisions must be made prior to embarking on your brewing journey: Which recipe do you want to follow? How much do you even want to brew? And which ingredients are going to need to buy beforehand? Which accessories are required for brewing? The recipe will always form the basis of your brewing adventure. Top-fermented beers are ales and traditional Bavarian wheat beers, among others. Pils, pale beers and Maerzen are all bottom-fermented lager beers. Either way, German beer is only able to be produced using malt, hops, yeast and water in accordance with German Purity Law.
The diversity when it comes to recipes knows no bounds, which is why it makes sense to buy a ready-made brewing kit when you brew your first beer. Important: The popularity of beer in Germany is also reflected in the requirements to be fulfilled when it comes to brewing at home because as a home brewer, you are also required to inform the Chief Customs Office of your intentions. But don't worry - you will only be required to pay tax on what you make if you are brewing more than 200 litres per calendar year.
Traditional beer production sees starch extracted from crushed malted grain, converting it to sugar in the process. This process is known as mashing. Water and malt are then mixed together in a mash tub before the remaining sugar is separated from the malt in a process called lautering, whereby the malt (grain bed) is also separated from the liquid.
The resulting product is called the "wort", which is what you will need to boil for around an hour with the hops. There are several reasons for this: Hops balances the sweetness of the malt sugar with bitter notes and other flavourings.
Can beer even be made without hops? Yes and no. Those strictly adhering to the Purity Laws will not be able to brew without using hops. Alternatively, brewers can use herbs to brew, although this will likely not sit very well with many a moral guardian. If you want to free yourself from the restraints of the Purity Law, all we say is that you do it and let us know the result!
To conclude the process, the wort is cooled to pitching temperature - meaning the stage whereby yeast is added to the mixture to begin fermentation. Be careful though: When working with cold temperatures you must ensure that your workspace is clean. This is because wort that has been cooled is highly susceptible to contamination. You don't want to end up serving your guests something they're going to hate, right? For this reason, you must ensure that steam produced is able to escape from your brewing "copper".
Fermentation - turning your beer... into beer!
Are you ready for the first step on your beer brewing journey? Up until now we have created a cloudy, rather miserable looking concoction of raw ingredients - but do not fear! The years will ferment this concoction, turning it into the perfect beer. This occurs when sugar is converted to ethanol and carbon dioxide. There is a popular German proverb surrounding beer production that suggests that the yeast alone is the key to the perfect beer - and we agree! We hope you're as patient as we are though because the fermentation process takes around five to seven days.
Filling and secondary fermentation processes
Before decanting our freshly made beer into bottles and barrels, we must ensure that yeast particulates as well as other remaining trub residue are filtered out of it. The secondary fermentation ensures that your beer is given time to mature while allowing for carbon dioxide to bind to the beer, slowly producing a balanced flavour. We aren't going to beat around the bush: The last stage of beer brewing will test your patience because new beers need to be stored for several weeks at a consistent temperature between one and two degrees to allow for the yeast to settle. Here the beer is stabilised and will become clear.
It is safe to say that a lot of blood, sweat and tears go into brewing, which means now you need to celebrate your successes with a cold bottle of your own creation! And if you're good with timings, you can make sure you never run out of beer again. So: cheers!
Let's dive into the world of brewing together across six different stages. Our guide and Klarstein mash tub provide you with a comprehensive solution to assist when it comes to mashing, the start of the brewing process, meaning you can begin to brew effortlessly.
Brew your beers now
Home brewing - the right way
The art of brewing in six stages
What is the difference between a barber and a bar-beer? Right, so the former cuts hair and the latter is something we want to occasionally replace with a nice home-made variant instead. A terrible joke, really, but you get our point. One thing that isn't terrible though? Home-brewed beer.
But is there even a home brewing set on the market? Of course there is! Klarstein's mash tubs and fermenting kits will enable you to brew beer effortlessly.
Brewing beer at home: Ingredients and accessories
For around 20 litres of home-brewable beer
- Brewing recipe
- Water, malt, hops, yeast - quantities according to recipe
- Mash tub and lauter tun (25-30 litres)
- Fermenting bucket
- Trub filter
- A collection bucket (at least 10 litres)
- Long-handled cooking spoon
- Measuring jug
- Weighing scales
The accessories in particular are quite extensive. The good news? Those wanting to effortless brew beer at home can do so thanks to a practical and high-quality solution on offer by Klarstein: The Cupbearer's Brewing Kit. So, at this stage you can already cross four things off your list... or your beer coaster - we don't judge: The mash tub, the lauter tun, trub filter and the thermometer because our kit is already comprised of these elements.
Brewing with Klarstein
The thrill of summer nights in the park, barbecuing with good friends or enjoying a festival is growing as temperatures begin to rise.. What a blessing it is to have those around you who have prepared for the open air season with Klarstein's home brewery kit - giving them the chance to fulfil their dream of creating home-made beer. Ready, set, cheers!
The Cupbearer's Mash Tub - an absolute must for every home brewer
Those wanting to brew beer at home would do well to invest in products such as the Cupbearer's Mash Tub. This comprehensive solution to mashing has a sieving component and grain container, meaning the grain bed is able to be separated from other ingredients needed for wort production. There is also a handy drain cock to enable easy decanting into the fermenting bucket.
Maischfest fermenting tub - for brewing beer at home
Even home brewers are able to create their favourite drink with ease. Do you prefer light or dark beers? Strong in taste or more mild? The Maischfest fermenting tub tranforms all of your wort ingredients into a delicious beer of your choice and grants you access to the world of brewing. Don't mix beer and wine is what they say, but when you fancy a bit of a change and would rather a enjoy a nice glass of red - or white - Klarstein's fermenting tub caters to all needs.
Skal Beer Pump - happiness on tap
Freshly pulled beer always tastes better than beer from a can or bottle, which is why you just cannot miss out on owning your own Beer Pump so you can wow your friends at parties or when barbecuing. And you know what they say... your drink with your eyes first, which is why the Skal Beer Pump has been created to mimic exactly a traditional bar environment.
Are you a passionate home brewer or do you have any questions you need answering on your way to becoming an expert brewer? The most important answers concerning beer production can be found in our FAQs.
Brewing beer at home: A guide
A toast to excellence
With the Cupbearer's Mash Tub you can create almost an beer including craft beers! Bear in mind that you will need to built your kit correctly in order for this to work. So take your time to get to know the kit and remember that you want to enjoy every element of your brewing experience.
The advantage of having a brewing kit? You don't need to buy an extensive brewing set because our kit serves as a comprehensive solution, offering all you need as one product. Make sure you clean everything before though - to do so, fill the tub with 20 litres of water mixed with a suitable cleaning agent. Allow the mixture to circulate through the entire kit for around 30 minutes at a temperature of 60 degrees. Once this time has elapsed make sure to thoroughly rinse with water.
Ready? Great, so let's start by filling up your brewing kettle! The following brewing guide refers to the usage of both the Cupbearer's Mash Tub and the Maischfest Fermenting Tub over 6 stages.
Those wanting to brew at home must first of all lay the sieving component into the brewing kettle and fill it up with an appropriate amount of water. The grain must also be filled into the corresponding container. Heat the water up to 66 to 68 degrees. Use the modern display to programme the brewing kit, then lean back and watch it all unfold. In the meantime we will explain to you what "mash" actually is - namely a mixture of crushed malt and water. As soon as the correct temperature has been reached, the circulating pump will kick in, regulating the flow throughout. In around 1.5 hours the mashing process will be over and you will have created your "wort" - comprised of the liquid elements of malt.
Lautering is a process by which the wort is separated from the grain bed and drained via the drain cock. You'll need a large container, which you will need to put underneath the drain cock to collect the filtered wort. Be patient because the process does take up to 30 minutes and remember that the reward is yet to come: fresh home-brewed beer!
This is where the wort is then boiled. Heat the device to boiling temperature and add the remaining ingredients - you need to ensure you time this right, which is why we recommend you meticulously study the recipe before starting out. As we said before - brewing is an art in and of itself! Boiling the wort can take between 60 and 90 minutes depending on your guide, and because the so-called trub will also begin to manifest here as well, you should always ensure that steam is able to escape from your brewing kettle.
That way you avoid potentially ruining the taste of your home-brewed beer. And that, dear friends, is something nobody wants to have to endure.
When brewing beer time is not money, it is gold - liquid gold. Around 15 minutes before you stop boiling, submerge the cooling coil into the water to sterilise it before use. Note: Make sure you purchase all hoses and connectors separately because these are not included as part of delivery. Once boiled, you can then cool the fluid back down to 20 degrees using the cooling coil. Do you have you desired temperature? Now you can use the drain cock at the front of your brewing kettle to filter the contents into a fermenting bucket. We recommend using the Maischfest fermenting tub for this.
Now for the real fun... By adding yeast to your mixture, it will transform into a delicious beer. YOUR delicious beer! To ensure that you aren't making any last minute mistakes along the way, the Fermenting Tub by Klarstein is the perfect product to ensure you maintain high quality throughout the brewing process. You also need to ensure that you shake or stir your brew very well once the yeast has been added. This is because it will require plentiful oxygen to work its magic. This works best in a temperature controlled environment as this way, no undesirable by-products can occur during fermentation.
No, we don't you filling yourself up with beer, rather, we are referring to the last stage of our journey to the perfect beer. We still want to enjoy the product of our efforts responsibly after all. Depending on the type of beer you are making as well as the occasion it is being prepared for and your own drinking habits, you are the one responsible for deciding how you want to carry out the secondary fermentation process for your newly crafted beer. An Imperial IPA, for example, is able to be stored for a few weeks longer than a simple Pale Ale. A stout is another beer that needs a while before it can be enjoyed, whereas a classic Pils tastes better fresh. The new beer is then decanted via a hose or an automatic decanting pipe that you can attach to the drain cock of your brewing kettle. Feed the hose or the pipe right down into the bottle and slowly fill it. All good? Congratulations and a big cheers to you, your success and your new home-brewed beer! Enjoy!
Types of beer: Enjoy them all!
What types of beer even are there? Is the gold-coloured beer the best beer? Are craft beers only craft beers if they're orange or amber-coloured and is dark beer enjoyed solely by goths or people with a beer belly? Bollocks!
"Did you know that beer has existed for thousands of years and was, in fact, consumed from a communal bowl using reed straws? Neither did we! Much to learn, we still have - is what we would imagine Yoda would probably say if he ever had one too many. Okay, jokes aside now for we're about to delve into some real beerology."
Here are some of the most important types of beer for your next gathering
Yeast, hops, malt and water - these are the four ingredients that make up beer according to the German Purity Law. Despite this, beer does not just become beer, with typical characteristics of individual types of beer actually arising from the many intricacies involved in beer production.
What types of beer are there?
The general distinction can be made as follows: There are top-fermented and bottom-fermented beers. These are then broken down into different types as well as several other synonyms. Before we go into more detail about the fermentation process and present to you the typical top-fermented and bottom-fermented beers available in Germany, we would like to first of all show you our top 5 synonyms for beer:
- Sauce – on the sauce, as the Brits say
- Amber nectar – a common phrase used by the Australians
- A barley-broo – a Scottish term for the glorious drink that is beer
- A coldie – another Australian classic to describe the sensation of a delicious beer passing your lips
- Suds – dating back to the 1500s and originally meaning “soapy water”! We won’t be drinking any of that though
Types of beer - it's all about the yeast!
Top-fermented beer - fermentation at room temperature
A deciding factor during beer production are the yeast cultures utilised when brewing. Top-fermented yeasts are happiest in warm temperatures of around 15 to 20 degrees, meaning they rise to the surface, have a look around so to speak, and then settle again during fermentation on top of the new beer. Many find top-fermented beers more aromatic, fuller and fruitier.
The most popular top-fermented beers include:
- Berliner Weisse
- Wheat beer
Alcohol content: from 3 Vol.-%
Original wort: 7.5 to 32 degrees plato
Fermentation: at 18 to 25 degrees
Bottom-fermented beer - staying cool
Yeast tends to hide itself better in bottom-fermented beers because the brewing process actually takes place at the bottom of the fermentation tub, where the yeast ultimately settles. Up until around 150 years ago, beer production was only possible in winter because the yeast required for bottom-fermented beers prefers colder temperatures. Only when the "refrigerating machine" was invented in 1876 was the production of bottom-fermented beers available all year round. These beers also generally last longer and have a more refined original wort as well as a higher alcohol content.
The most well-known bottom-fermented beer types:
- Pale beers
- Black beer
Alcohol content: from 4.5 Vol.-%
Original wort: 10 to 12 degrees plato
Fermentation: at 4 to 9 degrees
Beer types in Germany
Germany's culinary sector boasts an extremely diverse beer terrain. However, some people prefer the simpler things in life: Just a Pils, and nothing more. Those who are looking to jump outside of the beer box for a second can get to know other delicious beer varieties relatively quickly. Here we have a list of the most favoured types of beer in Germany.
Popular top-fermented beer types
The pale beer from the UK is a dry, bitter beer with a strong hops aroma and low alcohol content. It is also often called "the British long drink".
A popular refreshment on hot summer days that is often served with a shot of Waldmeister or raspberry syrup and a straw. It tastes great on its own too.
This amazing local speciality from Cologne is light in colour and heavily fermented, making it the perfect fit for any occasion. A milder flavour and lower alcohol content make it a particularly light beer.
This is a drink of tradition and has worked its way through the ranks over the years to become a lifestyle beer. Lovers of wheat beer enjoy a fuller flavour and a partially perceptible banana aroma, which is a result of the fermentation process used to create it.
Popular bottom-fermented beers
This is an all rounder and really does suit everyone as well as any situation. It is a pale, clear beer with a slightly sweet, malty flavour and is best enjoyed when it is hot, making it a welcomed refreshment in the summer time.
Maerzen was produced traditionally during the last month of winter, which is why is bears the name ""Maerzen"" as ""Maerz"" is German for March. Mildly hopped with a sweet note, Maerzen has made it to the top of many favourite lists over the years.
The Pilsner, or Pils, is the most popular type of beer in Germany - a real clsasic. This strong beer, golden in colour with a dry, hoppy taste to it, is mostly more bitter than other types.
A characteristic of this beer is, as the name already suggests, its colour. Upon tasting this type of beer you will note its malty and roasted aromas, both of which will make you crave the next one, and the next one after that!
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How can I brew beer?
The ultimate FAQ for home brewers
You want to know how to brew beer? We will quench your thirst for knowledge with the most important answers to all your questions.
What do you mean I can't brew beer? That would be our furious reaction to the prospect of only being able to brew in secret rather than in public. As luck would have it, however, anyone in Germany is allowed to brew beer. There are a few things you can't avoid though. As quintessential as beer is in Germany, there are still a few rules that stipulate what you can and can't do. According to these, you must inform your local Chief Customs Office about your intent to brew your own beer - you don't need to fill in any forms - just contact them directly.
The maximum quantity is not limited as such, however, if you brew less than 200 litres per calendar year, you won't have to worry about paying beer tax. If you do produce more than 200 litres in a year, you need to file a tax return for your beer - no joke. The same is the case for those who start as home brewers and then seek to sell their home-made beers afterwards. It is also certainly worth getting in touch with the Customs Office about your endeavour if you do need to know more.
To transform your house into your very own brewery, you will need your own equipment. Alternatively, you can purchase one of Klarstein's handy brewing kits. The ingredients stipulated in the German Purity Law are also of vital importance when it comes to brewing - these are hops, malt, yeast and water. The exact measurements are outlined in the recipes provided. Empty bottles will certainly put a downer on your party, but you can keep them to refill as well as carry out secondary fermentation processes for your home-brewed creation. The most important things you need, though, are time, patience and a lot of passion. Remember, more haste less speed.
A quick note: Who would've thought that beer is actually made of 90% water? For this very reason, the quality of the water you use for your beers is of utmost importance. Some breweries even use their own water wells. The most important thing when it comes to the taste of your beer are the minerals inside it. While pale beers tend to prefer soft water with a lower mineral content, darker beers prefer harder water.
Opinion is deeply divided on this issue. While some believe that there is an aesthetic advantage to be had from copper and feel it best upholds the beer brewing traditions, others seen functional benefits to copper brewing pots. Copper is a very good conductor of heat and has a positive effect on the taste as well as a negative effect (in terms of reduction) on mildew growth and bacteria thanks to the emission of copper ions.
Of course you can! Regardless of your preferences, wheat beers have something for everyone - so strap in and enjoy the ride. The question is how do you brew beer that can be enjoyed both in a summer beer garden as well as on your balcony at home? The most important thing is the recipe because the most significant difference between wheat beer and, for example, Pils is the usage of top-fermented yeast.
A significant step when brewing beer is to boil the wort to create a mash. Should you spot any white flakes in the wort, don't worry. Calm down and continue to brew your beer. The white flakes are just proteins that are "flocculated" when the wort is boiled - this is known as "flocculation of wort".
Many believe that we have been brewing beer since we've been able to eat grains.Yes, the production of the beer does seem to have originated from fermented bread dough. However, the high art of beer brewing - the one, that is to say, that comes clsoes to the established processes today, can be traced back to the middle ages.Monks and nuns wanted to create a beverage that would perfectly accompany their meals.So we just want to say thank you at this stage to all the monks and nuns!
Please don't stress. Brewing beer takes time. The mashing, lautering and boiling processes alone can take around 8 hours. Does that sound fair? That's not all, though. Home brewers really do need to be patient because bottle fermentation takes a further two to three weeks on top. No, that wasn't a typo.
Water, hops, yeast and malt are the most important components of beer. Those who are feeling particularly creative can, of course, complement the list with other things. If you want your beer to be as inspiring aromatically as your enthusiasm and patience, you definitely need to ensure you're using high quality ingredients. Apart from that we recommend that you conslt a professional before purchasing a kit, which you can do from the comfort of your own home online.
The most diplomatic answer to your question? Because all tastes are different. There can, however, too be objective reasons as to why it might be a little off. The most frequent causes are incomplete or incorrect recipe information and too much carbon dioxide.
Low carbon dioxide levels in beer is not a negative per se, because some people actually enjoy their beer this way. If you want more bubbles in your beer, you need to first pose the question as to how it works. Carbon dioxide is produced during fermentation. Remove your beer from the refrigerator and allow it to ferment for around 7 days.
Bier lovers all appreciate a good head. If your doesn't look as good as you'd like it to, it might be due to an unclean glass that is still enveloped by a very thin layer of fat. Missing "head" on a beer does also tend to be due to the lack of carbox dioxide in it.
Many home brewers are faced with this problem when embarking on their beer brewing journeys. Complaining about it isn't going to help though. If your beer is sour, there isn't really much else you can do. In the majority of cases it is due to contamination as a result of a lack of hygiene.
We aren't able to provide a general answer to this one as there are many different factors to be considered. But we do tend to just tell people to give the beer time. A home-brewed beer isn't a 5 second job even if it might seem to be at first. The general rule of thumb is that fermentation is finished as soon as the value measured is consistent over a three day period.
Yes, this is normal as foam is a natural by-product of the yeast. It is also completely normal for this foam to disappear again once fermentation has concluded.
The most likely reason is that the external temperature is too low for fermentation to ensue (below 18-22 degrees). Just turn up the heating or allow warm air to enter the room by other means. Is the fermentation process still being a pain? Maybe you didn't use enough yeast? In this case you need to just wait it out because the fermentation process may end up taking a few more days.
Clean equipment is as indispensible for brewing as malt and hops. Clean all equipment with disinfectant in order to increase the shelf life of your beer and prevent fungus from growing.
As soon as your beer is in the fridge, you can keep it there for up to twelve weeks - providing you worked in pristine conditions. Storing your beer at room temperature will reduce its shelf life to around 8 weeks.